The Fourth Amendment
The Fourth Amendment was written to keep the government from prying into people’s personal lives. The privacy of our homes, businesses and private papers is protected under the Constitution to prevent the government from fishing for personal or illegal behavior without just cause or without due process of law. This provision protects people from unreasonable invasion of privacy and confiscation of private property by protecting citizens from Unreasonable Searches and Seizures. For example, the Police may gather evidence at a crime scene, or cross private property when pursuing a suspected criminal or to rescue a human life. However, they may not arbitrarily go searching around for violations of the law without just cause.
The Fourth Amendment reads as follows:
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.